X-Ray Tech Programs with Prerequisite and Coursework Information

X-ray technology programs, also known as radiography or radiologic technology programs, are offered at 2-year schools and most commonly lead to an associate's degree. Students in this field learn how to operate radiology equipment, such as x-ray machines and CT scanners.

Essential Information

Nearly all programs in this field include both didactic and clinical coursework that explores the many facets of operating radiology equipment. Completion of an undergraduate program can prepare students for licensure or certification in the field, which is required in some states. Graduates are qualified for work as x-ray technicians or radiologic technologists.

  • Program Levels in X-Ray Technology: Associate's Degree
  • Program Length: 2 years
  • Prerequisites: High school diploma; completion of biology, algebra, and physics courses
  • Other Requirements: Completion of clinical work in conjunction with coursework

!Associates Degree in X-Ray Technology

An associate's degree in x-ray technology program requires potential students to have received their high school diploma or its equivalent. Applicants are expected to have successfully completed science, algebra, biology or physics courses during prior studies. Programs combines both academic and clinical facets and takes two years to complete. The first year is made up of mostly classroom and theoretical work, while the second year is almost purely practical in nature. The second half of the program prepares students to directly transition into a career; many students gain employment at the same hospital or healthcare facility in which they have been interning. Program coursework addresses the use of x-ray machinery in a healthcare setting and the role of x-rays results. Students gain knowledge of human anatomy and radiologic technology through courses in health science and physical education. Courses include the following:

  • Algebra
  • Physics
  • Health science
  • Radiography and Radiologic Anatomy
  • Principals of x-ray exposure
  • Modality imaging and Patient Positioning

Employment Outlook and Salary Info

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of radiologic technologists will increase by 21% from 2012-2022, which is faster than the average occupation. Most x-ray jobs are located within hospitals. In May 2014, the median annual salary of radiologic technologists was $55,870, with the highest-paid ten percent of workers earning more than $80,080.


Voluntary certification is available to radiologic technologists seeking career advancement. Certification is available through the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT), which also provides licensing tests for 35 states. Re-certification requires 24 hours of continuing education every two years.

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