(a) Explain how the osmotic gradient is generated in the medulla.
(b) List the importance of the gradient in generating concentrated urine.
The kidneys are excretory organs with millions of nephrons required for filtering blood and removing out wastes in the form of urine. The kidney is divided into the renal cortex, renal medulla, and renal pelvis.
Answer and Explanation: 1
The osmotic gradient is generated in the medulla due to the accumulation of solutes such as sodium chloride and urea in the interstitium, renal...
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fromChapter 4 / Lesson 18
Learn about the renal medulla of the kidney, the renal medulla function and structure. Also, learn the renal pyramid function and the difference between renal medulla and pyramid.