Amy is trying to remember her social security number while registering for school. What technique would help Amy in this process?
a. Stare at the numbers on her social security card to create an icon in her short-term memory.
b. Repeat the list of numbers to herself one at a time.
c. Rehearse the set of numbers keeping them in the 3 chunks format.
d. This is not possible because a social security number is made up of 9 numbers, which is larger than short-term memory capacity.
Short-Term Memory Capacity:
Compared to long-term memory, short-term memory has a very limited capacity. According to George Miller, short-term memory can only hold approximately 5-9 chunks of information at a time.
Answer and Explanation: 1
The correct solution to this problem is provided by option C: rehearse the set of numbers keeping them in the 3 chunks format.
To elaborate, option C describes a memory strategy known as chunking. This strategy can be used by organizing pieces of information into smaller groups (i.e., chunks), preferably less than 7 groups.
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fromChapter 6 / Lesson 18
Following completion of this lesson, you will be able to define the term chunking in the context of short-term memory. After reading this lesson, you will have an opportunity to test your knowledge with a short quiz.