Anna is riding a bicycle at a certain speed then stops pedaling and slows down to half of her...

Question:

Anna is riding a bicycle at a certain speed then stops pedaling and slows down to half of her original speed. If the total kinetic energy of Anna and the bicycle was initially {eq}K_0 {/eq}, what was it after she slowed down?

Kinetic Energy:

The kinetic energy is a very important parameter of an object in motion. If an object has a velocity {eq}v {/eq} and mass {eq}m {/eq} then the kinetic energy of the object is given by $$\begin{align} K=\dfrac12mv^2 \end{align} $$

This energy can be converted into another energy applying conservation of energy.

Answer and Explanation:

Let the bicycle has mass {eq}m {/eq} and velocity {eq}v {/eq}, then the kinetic energy is $$\begin{align} \boxed{K_0=\dfrac12mv^2} \end{align} $$

Now when it slows down to to the half velocity then the kinetic energy is $$\begin{align} &K'=\dfrac12m\left(\dfrac v2\right)^2\\[.3 cm] &K'=\dfrac14\times \dfrac12mv^2\\[.3 cm] &K'=\dfrac14\times K_0\\[.3 cm] &K'=\dfrac{K_0}4 \end{align} $$

Hence if the velocity is slowed down to half then the new kinetic energy is {eq}\dfrac{K_0}4 {/eq}.


Learn more about this topic:

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Kinetic Energy: Examples & Definition

from General Studies Science: Help & Review

Chapter 4 / Lesson 14
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