Based on its molecular structure, list ALL of the interparticle forces present for each compound...

Question:

Based on its molecular structure, list ALL of the interparticle forces present for each compound and CIRCLE the MOST important ones?


a. Water

b. Hexane

c. Methanol

d. 1-octanol

e. 2-butanone

f. 3-pentanone

g. Ethylene glycol

h. 2-pentanol

Intraparticle Forces:

The interparticle forces depend on the bonding such as ionic bonding, hydrogen bonding, dipole interaction and Vander Waals forces.

Ionic bonding is complete, transfer of a valence electron atom. Ionic bonding usually takes place in the metal ion due to the donation of the electron. It is the strongest force among all. The bonding which takes place due to the inter or intramolecular hydrogen is called hydrogen bonding. Dipole Interaction are the attractive forces between the negative end of one polar molecule and the positive end of another polar molecule. Vander Waals Dispersion forces are very weak forces compared to other forces.

Ionic bonding > Hydrogen bonding > Dipole interaction> Vander Waals Dispersion forces

Answer and Explanation: 1

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The interparticle forces of the compounds are as follows:

Ethylene Glycol: It shows intermolecular forces, hydrogen bonding, London dispersion...

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Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces

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Chapter 5 / Lesson 13
161K

Hydrogen bonds are a critical part of many chemical processes, and they help determine the properties of things necessary for life, such as water and protein. Explore hydrogen bonds, as well as dipole-dipole forces, ion-dipole forces, strong intermolecular forces, and intramolecular forces. Understand the effects that intermolecular forces have on certain molecules' properties.


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