Classify the following transformations as either oxidation or reduction. Classify the following...

Question:

Classify the following transformations as either oxidation or reduction.

a) Transformation 1 is oxidation; Transformation 2 is oxidation

b) Transformation 1 is reduction; Transformation 2 is reduction

c) Transformation 1 is reduction; Transformation 2 is oxidation

dTransformation 1 is oxidation; Transformation 2 is reduction

The transformations are neither oxidation or reduction

Oxidation and Reduction in Organic Chemistry

In organic chemistry, the notions of oxidation and reduction need to be slightly modified. The usual definitions of these processes as transfer of electrons are not valid because carbon atoms are covalently bonded. However, we can think in terms of hydrogen and oxygen atoms. Generally, the addition of a hydrogen atom to the carbon chain is termed 'reduction' and the addition of an oxygen atom is 'oxidation'.

Answer and Explanation:

In the first transformation, an alcohol is being converted into a carboxylic acid. This is an example of an oxidation reaction.

In the second...

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Learn more about this topic:

Oxidation of Alcohols: Mechanism, Reaction & Conditions
Oxidation of Alcohols: Mechanism, Reaction & Conditions

from Organic & Inorganic Compounds Study Guide

Chapter 13 / Lesson 1
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