Compare and contrast the conflicts in The Iliad between Achilles and Agamemnon and in Sophocles' Antigone between Creon and Antigone.
A part of Greek culture was the creation of literature, which can be categorized into three historical periods: Archaic (end of the 6th century BCE), Classical (5th and 4th centuries BCE), and Hellenistic (3rd century onwards). The Iliad is an archaic epic poem written by Homer early in the Greek period, around the 8th century BCE. The storyline follows the siege of Troy in approximately the 12th century BCE to recover a captive Queen, Helen, the husband of Menelaus, King of Sparta. Helen was taken by the Trojan Prince Paris, instilling a war between the Mycenean King Agamemnon, King Menelaus's brother, and the Trojans. Achilles, the Prince of Phthia, and his army of Myrmidons are enlisted to fight in the battle of Troy by King Agamemnon.
Sophocles' Antigone was a tragic play written in the 5th century BCE, placing it as a piece of Classical Greek literature. The play is centered on the struggle between a displaced Theban Princess, Antigone, and the new Theban ruler, Creon. Antigone's brothers, Eteocles and Polynices, killed each other in a dispute for the Theban crown, resulting in Creon's rule of Thebes. Creon delivers an edict stating that only one of Antigone's brothers, Eteocles, may receive a formal burial. In Greek culture, an individual cannot reach the afterlife without a marked burial, and denial of this right is a severe act against their honor.
Answer and Explanation:
In The Iliad, the major conflict between Achilles and King Agamemnon centered on insult to Achilles' honor and pride during the battle of Troy,...
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from The Iliad Study GuideChapter 4 / Lesson 8