Comparing the acidity of benzoic acid with 4-nitrobenzoic add, which statement is true? A)....

Question:

Comparing the acidity of benzoic acid with 4-nitrobenzoic add, which statement is true?

A). 4-Nitrobenzoic acid is a stronger add because the nitro group is electron withdrawing and that stabilizes the negative charge on the corrugate base

B). 4-Nitroberuoic acid is a weaker acid because the nitro group is electron withdrawing and that destabilizes the negative charge on the conjugate base

C). 4-Nitrobenzoic acid is a stronger acid because the nitro group makes the aromatic ring unstable.

D). 4-Nitrobenzoic acid is a stronger nod because the nitro group can produce nitric add.

Acidic Character:

The acidic character of any organic compound can be described with the help of the substituents attached on it.

If the substituent attached on the organic compound is of electron withdrawing nature, then the acidic character of the organic compound increases. On the other hand, if the substituent attached on organic compound is of electron donating nature, then the acidic character of the organic compound decreases.

Answer and Explanation:

The given two organic compounds are Benzoic acid and 4-nitro benzoic acid.

Among these two compounds, 4-nitro benzoic acid is more stronger as...

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Learn more about this topic:

Acidity of Carboxyl Groups: Description & Analysis
Acidity of Carboxyl Groups: Description & Analysis

from Chemistry 304: Organic Chemistry II

Chapter 5 / Lesson 3
119

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