Define Bandwidth, circuit switching, LAN, WAN, VPN, packets, routers, VoIP, and Quality of Service.

Question:

Define Bandwidth, circuit switching, LAN, WAN, VPN, packets, routers, VoIP, and Quality of Service.

Definition of Networking Terms:

Computer internet devices and networking are essential for global connections and interaction. Various terms are useful in explaining the concept network. Different terms define the type of a device used, an area of operation, or rather a kind of service offered.

Answer and Explanation:

Bandwidth refers to the maximum rate of data transfer of a network; it determines the volume of data sent over a specific time.

Circuit switching is a technique of implementing network telecommunication where two network nodes introduce a communication channel.

A Local Area Network (LAN) refers to a computer network that covers a small area such as a building of a room.

Wide Area Network (WAN) combines two or more LANs to serve a more substantial area, such as network connection in public.

Virtual Private Network (VPN) helps an individual to create a safe connection to another network by the use of the internet; they are useful in accessing region-restricted websites.

A packet is a data unit routed between original and destination on a packet-switched network or internet. They are small (1.5kbs) for Ethernet and increased for IP packet payloads (64kbs).

A router refers to a networking device useful in forwarding data packets or traffic directing of the internet between computer networks to the final destination.

Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is a software and hardware technology that allows individuals to make telephone voice calls through the use of a broadband internet connection (IP) rather than a regular (traditional) phone line.

Service quality refers to the delivery of consistent and predictable service, including low jitter, high network reliability, high availability, and little delay.


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