Did Athens defeat itself or did Sparta win the war?
The Peloponnesian War:
The Peloponnesian War (431-404BC) was one of the most important conflicts in the ancient world. It pitted Sparta and its allies against the Athenian Empire. Sparta and Athens were old rivals.
Answer and Explanation:
Sparta defeated Athens during the Peloponnesian War. This resulted in the end of Athenian Democracy. Subsequently, Athens was ruled by the 30 Tyrants, a group of Athenians loyal to Sparta. However, several decades after the end of the war, both Athens and Sparta were conquered by Philip II, Alexander the Great's father.
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Learn more about this topic:
fromChapter 3 / Lesson 4
This lecture covers the Peloponnesian War. First we enumerate the causes of the war. Then we examine Pericles' plan to win it. We see how Pericles' plan eventually fell apart and how the Athenians struggled without leadership until their eventual destruction at the hands of the Spartans.