Draw a complete mechanism for the following conversion:
Nitriles can be prepared by substitution reaction between sodium cyanide or potassium cyanide and an alkyl halide. The nitrile functional group can be transformed into a carboxylic acid through acid catalyzed hydrolysis.
Answer and Explanation:
The mechanism is given below:
This is acid catalyzed hydrolysis of a nitrile to a carboxylic acid. Ammonia is liberated in this reaction.
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Learn more about this topic:
from Chemistry 304: Organic Chemistry IIChapter 5 / Lesson 6