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Draw a full reaction mechanism for the synthesis of tert-amyl chloride from tert-amyl alcohol....

Question:

Draw a full reaction mechanism for the synthesis of tert-amyl chloride from tert-amyl alcohol. Include all charges and intermediates.

Formation of alkyl halides:

Alkyl halides can be prepared from alcohols in the presence of a hydrogen halide. The reaction follows a substation mechanism. For example, alkyl bromides can be prepared when an alcohol reacts with HBr.

Answer and Explanation:

Step 1: Protonation of the hydroxyl group

Step 2: Loss of the leaving group to form a carbocation.

Step 3: Chloride nucleophile attacks the...

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Alcohol to Alkyl Halide: Preparation, Reaction & Conversion
Alcohol to Alkyl Halide: Preparation, Reaction & Conversion

from Organic & Inorganic Compounds Study Guide

Chapter 10 / Lesson 1
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