Fill in the blanks: The genetically-determined glycoprotein and glycolipid antigens found on the...

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The genetically-determined glycoprotein and glycolipid antigens found on the surface of an erythrocyte are called _____, and a person with agglutinins that react with type A and blood type B has type _____ blood.

The ABO Blood Typing System:

Red blood cells have molecules that stud their plasma membrane that gives rise to the different blood types in the ABO typing system. The base unit is a protein molecule associated with a lipid called ceramide; four sugars are attached to the ceramide group and extend into the extracellular space.

O-type blood has only this base unit (protein + ceramide + 4 sugars), while type A and type B have the presence of a fifth sugar (protein + ceramide + 4 sugars + N-acetylgalactosamine for type A, protein + ceramide + 4 sugars + galactose for type B).

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The genetically-determined glycoprotein and glycolipid antigens found on the surface of an erythrocyte are called agglutinogens, and a person with...

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Blood Types: ABO System, Red Blood Cell Antigens & Blood Groups

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Chapter 13 / Lesson 5
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Blood types are determined by antigens found in red blood cells. Learn about the blood types, red blood cell antigens, agglutination, the ABO system, the blood groups, and the definitions of universal donor and universal recipient blood types.


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