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Find a definition of genetically modified organism. How are genetically modified organisms...

Question:

Find a definition of genetically modified organism. How are genetically modified organisms different from non-genetically modified organisms?

Genetic engineering:

Genetic engineering is the technology with the help of which the genetically modified organisms (GMOs) can be created. The technology can also be referred to as the recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology.

Answer and Explanation:


A genetically modified organism (GMO) does not exist naturally in the environment and is created using genetic engineering techniques. The genome of the organism is manipulated according to the requirements. GMOs can be microorganisms, plants, or animals.

Example of a GM microorganism includes bacteria found in soil, GM crop is soybean and corn, and GM animals are zebrafish and mouse.

The differences between GMOs and non-GMOs are as follows:

  • GMOs are produced using genetic engineering techniques while non-GMOs exist naturally in the environment.
  • GMOs contain desired characteristics, while non-GMOs contain characters that might not be required.
  • GM crops are resistant to pests and diseases while non-GM crops can be destroyed because of the pest and insect attack.

Learn more about this topic:

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Transgenic Organisms: Definition & Uses

from TCAP HS EOC - Biology I: Test Prep & Practice

Chapter 7 / Lesson 3
26K

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