How did farming lead to new types of economic activities?
The neolithic revolution
From around 10,000 to 8000 BC, human cultures in fertile grounds, like the fertile crescent in southwest Asia or the Yellow River basin in China, slowly switched from a nomadic to a sedentary lifestyle. The switch toward agriculture affected other areas of life and produced wealth, which allowed for the first big civilizations to appear in those same areas.
Answer and Explanation:
By switching to farming, humans could for the first time in history be sure of what and when they would eat. While nomadic cultures had to rely on chance and were therefore much more vulnerable to natural forces, agrarian cultures could produce and store food for later, making them less vulnerable. The sudden excess of food produced extra wealth that could be channeled towards other economic activities. For example, a nomad didn't have the time nor the resources to produce elaborately decorated weapons or pottery, but instead everyone made their own rudimentary versions. In an agrarian society, a peasant could work on the land and sell the extra food he made in exchange for other products. People who were particularly good at making weapons or objects for domestic use could then specialize and improve their craft. With time, a division of labor appeared with specialized, more efficient crafts, and the increased efficiency led to increased wealth, eventually creating enough excess to support art, culture and governance.
Learn more about this topic:
from History 101: Western Civilization IChapter 1 / Lesson 2
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