How do meiotic cell division and fertilization interact to help maintain the species chromosome number?
Meiosis, compared to mitosis, does not produce daughter cells which are genetically identical to the diploid mother cell. Instead, 4 haploid daughter cells are produced.
Answer and Explanation:
This is important, as only half the normal number of chromosomes of a species are found in a haploid cell. Fertilisation joins two such haploid cells from two different organisms. This not only reestablishes the correct chromosome number of a diploid cell, but also allows for genetic diversity.
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Learn more about this topic:
from Biology 102: Basic GeneticsChapter 6 / Lesson 16