How does nitration of cellulose take place?

Question:

How does nitration of cellulose take place?

Nitration:

Nitration of benzene and other aromatic compounds are industrially important reactions. Nitration is the reaction of an organic compound with a nitrating agent such as a mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid, to form one or more products containing nitro group/s bonded to carbon atom/s. However, a reaction of an alcohol ({eq}ROH{/eq}) with a nitrating agent to form organic nitrate ({eq}RONO_2{/eq}) in which {eq}NO_2{/eq} group is bonded to oxygen atom, is also called as nitration reaction.

Answer and Explanation:

Cellulose, {eq}[C_6H_7(OH)_3O_2]_n{/eq}, is one of the widely occurring biopolymers of D-glucose. In D-glucose, there are five -OH groups. In...

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