How useful is autosomal DNA?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid Broken Down:
DNA, deoxyribonucleic acid, is an important structure in the human body. Smaller molecules called nucleotides make up what we call DNA. A nucleotide is made up of a nitrogen base, phosphate group, and a sugar group. There are four different types of nitrogen bases; cytosine, thymine, guanine, and adenine. The phosphate group of the nucleotides will become the "backbone" of the DNA and the nitrogen bases will bond together to connect the two strands of DNA. Adenine and thymine make two hydrogen bonds and cytosine and guanine make three hydrogen bonds.
Answer and Explanation:
Autosomal genes are any chromosome except for the sex chromosomes. There are forty-four autosomes in a nucleus of a cell. Autosomal DNA,...
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from Biology 102: Basic GeneticsChapter 6 / Lesson 3