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How would you synthesize the following molecules starting with benzene?

Question:

How would you synthesize the following molecules starting with benzene?

The diazonium salt:

The diazonium salt is a useful intermediate in multistep synthesis. The diazonium salt can be prepared from aniline. The reaction of aniline with sodium nitrite in the presence of HCl gives the diazonium salt.

Answer and Explanation:

(1) The synthesis is given below.

Step 1: Friedel-Crafts alkylation reaction.

Step 2: Nitration reaction at the para position.

Step 3:...

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