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Identify the term: A tough, flexible material making up the skeletons or parts of skeletons in...

Question:

Identify the term:

A tough, flexible material making up the skeletons or parts of skeletons in vertebrates.

Cartilage

Cartilage is an essential material in all human joints, as it efficiently composes most of our shock absorptive system and provides cushioning for our bones. Because our bones are relatively fragile, they must be cushioned by certain tissues at their intersection, allowing for smooth movement.

Answer and Explanation:

The mentioned material here is likely cartilage, which is the flexible and energy absorptive material that composes joints. Cartilage is made of cells known as chondrocytes, which can, in some cases, be susceptible to inflammation and lasting damage in certain autoimmune diseases like arthritis. Without cartilage, our bones would rub against each other causing damage and pain in movement.


Learn more about this topic:

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Chondrocytes: Definition & Function

from Human Anatomy & Physiology: Help and Review

Chapter 16 / Lesson 10
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