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Let f be the function defined by f(x) = (x2 + 1)e6{-x} for -4 \leq x \leq 4. a) For what value of...

Question:

Let {eq}\displaystyle f {/eq} be the function defined by {eq}\displaystyle f(x) = (x^2 + 1)e^{-x} {/eq} for {eq}\displaystyle -4 \leq x \leq 4. {/eq}

a) For what value of {eq}\displaystyle x {/eq} does {eq}\displaystyle f {/eq} reach its absolute maximum? Justify your answer. (You may use your calculator to evaluate the {eq}\displaystyle x {/eq} values in {eq}\displaystyle f(x). {/eq})

b) Find the {eq}\displaystyle x {/eq} coordinates of all points of inflection of {eq}\displaystyle f {/eq}. Justify your answer.

Inflection point and Absolute maximum

We find the inflection points of a function with the second derivative. In function there is an inflection point when it changes concavity, it can stop being concave up and begins to be concave down at the inflection point.

Answer and Explanation:

We have the function

{eq}f(x)= (x^2 + 1)e^{-x} \\ {/eq}

Graph the function

Differentiating the function

{eq}f'(x)=-{{\rm e}^{-x}} \left( {x}^{2}-2\,x+1 \right) \\ {/eq}

{eq}f'(x)=0 {/eq} when {eq}x=1 {/eq}

{eq}\begin{array}{r|D{.}{,}{5}} Interval & {-4<x<1} & {1<x<4} \\ \hline Test \space{} value & \ x=0 & \ x=3 \\ Sign \space{} of \ f'(x) & \ f'(0)<0 & \ f'(3)<0 \\ Conclusion & decreasing & decreasing \\ \end{array} \\ {/eq}

Now,

{eq}f(-4)=((-4)^2 + 1)e^{-(-4)}=17e^{4} \\ f(4)=17e^{-4}\\ {/eq}

Absolute maximum at: {eq}x=17e^{4} \\ {/eq}

Absolute minimum at: {eq}x=17e^{-4} \\ {/eq}

Differentiating the function

{eq}f''(x)={{\rm e}^{-x}} \left( {x}^{2}-4\,x+3 \right) \\ {/eq}

{eq}f''(x)=0 {/eq} when {eq}x=1\\ x=3 \\ {/eq}

{eq}\begin{array}{r|D{.}{,}{5}} Interval & {-4<x<1} & {1<x<3} & {3<x<4} \\ \hline Test \space{} value & \ x=0 & \ x=2 & \ x=3.5 \\ Sign \space{} of \ f'' (x) & \ f'' (0)>0 & \ f'' (2)<0 & \ f''(3.5)>0 \\ Conclusion & concave \space up & concave \space down & concave \space up \\ \end{array} \\ {/eq}

Inflection points:

{eq}(1, 2e^{-1})\\ (3, 10e^{-3}) \\ {/eq}


Learn more about this topic:

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Concavity and Inflection Points on Graphs

from Math 104: Calculus

Chapter 9 / Lesson 5
6.8K

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