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Mental illness, as we now refer to it, has been described in various ways historically. What is...

Question:

Mental illness, as we now refer to it, has been described in various ways historically. What is one term that was used in earlier times to refer to this condition?

a. psychopathology

b. lunatic

c. abnormal behavior

d. Ptolemic

Psychology:

Psychology is a broad field that studies the functions of the human mind. Psychologists may be clinical practitioners or researchers, meaning they may work mainly with clients or mainly with undertaking research, respectively. Psychologists are not usually medical doctors, but they may have some form of medical training or knowledge that informs their practice or research.

Answer and Explanation:

Mental illness has historically been referred to as lunacy, leading to the term lunatic, as in Answer B. While today researchers would say that a person is suffering from mental illness, it was once considered acceptable to call that person a lunatic, meaning that they behaved abnormally and even dangerously. The term has its origins in the Latin word for the moon because people once believed that the phases of the moon could cause mental illness. In the modern fields of medicine and psychology, some researchers are still working to understand the "lunar effect", which holds that the moon does affect human physiology and psychology. However, this effect is generally considered to be a superstition, not a scientific phenomenon.


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The History of Asylums in the 1800s

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Chapter 1 / Lesson 12
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During the 1800s, treating individuals with psychological issues was a problematic and disturbing issue. These patients were maintained in places called asylums, and were usually subjected to conditions that today we would consider horrific and inhumane.


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