Reduction Mechanism. Draw the major product for the reduction reaction below in the box. Then,...

Question:

Reduction Mechanism. Draw the major product for the reduction reaction below in the box. Then, draw the proper FULL electron-pushing mechanism for the reaction, including ALL intermediates (with formal charges) and electron pushing arrows. Label the Electrophile and Nucleophile in each step.

Reduction of Aldehydes:

Aldehydes will undergo reduction reaction using a reducing agent to produce primary alcohols. Sodium borohydride is an example of a reducing agent that can be used to reduce aldehydes to primary alcohols.

Answer and Explanation:

The product of the reaction reaction is given below.

The mechanism of the reduction reaction is given below.

Step 1: A hydride from the sodium borohydride does a nucleophilic attack on the carbonyl carbon of the aldehyde to generate a tetrahedral intermediate.

Step 2: Protonation of the tetrahedral intermediate gives the primary alcohol.


Learn more about this topic:

Using Reduction to Create Primary & Secondary Alcohols
Using Reduction to Create Primary & Secondary Alcohols

from Chemistry 304: Organic Chemistry II

Chapter 1 / Lesson 6
104

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