Regarding the sociocultural view of cognitive development, which of the following statements is FALSE?
a. According to the sociocultural view, it is not enough for children to learn how to think, they must also learn specific intellectual skills valued by their culture.
b. Vygotsky believed that children actively seek to discover new principles with many of their most important "discoveries" being guided by skilful tutors.
c. When a child is close to having the mental skills needed to do the task but requires help to accomplish the task, Vygotsky called this the zone of assimilation.
d. Children can make rapid progress if they receive sensitive guidance from a skilled partner through scaffolding.
Lev Vygotsky was one of the figures that developed the sociocultural view of cognitive development. In fact, he is regarded by many as the founder of social constructivism, the view that knowledge is constructed through sociocultural interactions.
Answer and Explanation:
The correct solution to this problem is provided by option C: when a child is close to having the mental skills needed to do the task but requires help to accomplish the task, Vygotsky called this the zone of assimilation.
To elaborate, the description provided by option C refers to a Vygotskyian term called the zone of proximal development. The ZPD contains tasks and activities that can be done by a person if help is available.
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fromChapter 4 / Lesson 7
Psychologist Lev Vygotsky developed a theory of cognitive development which focused on the role of culture in the development of higher mental functions. Several concepts arose from that theory that are important to classroom learning. This lesson will focus on two concepts: zone of proximal development and scaffolding.