To combat wasteful habits, we often speak of conserving energy, by which we mean turning off lights, heating or cooling systems, and hot water when not being used. We also speak of energy conservation. Distinguish between these two usages.
Energy conservation is efficiently using energy and making efforts to lower the usage of energy by using fewer energy services. Conserving energy helps the planet and also saves money on energy services.
Answer and Explanation:
Conserving energy means reducing the unnecessary or wasteful consumption of energy sources such as switching off unnecessary electrical appliances that are not in use, turning of overrunning tap, etc. Conserving energy also means saving energy that is in the available form.
Energy conservation means that the energy remains constant at the beginning or completion after the end of a process. It refers to the fact that energy remains the same before and after the completion of the process.
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from Science for KidsChapter 11 / Lesson 29