What animals besides rats and monkeys are used for laboratory tests? Why?

Question:

What animals besides rats and monkeys are used for laboratory tests? Why?

Model Organisms:

Model organisms are non-human species that are used to study certain biological phenomena. These organisms are used to research diseases or disease treatments for human when it is not possible or not ethical to research in humans. This is due to similarities in certain structures and biological process in the model organism and humans.

Answer and Explanation:

In addition to Monkeys and mice, common popular model organisms can range from zebra fish, nematodes, fruit flies, yeast, bacteria, guinea pigs. These organisms are picked for various reasons which include similarity to humans in their gene structure and gene regulation, their ease to grow and fast development, and the ease for which they can be tested or assayed for the specific research.


Learn more about this topic:

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Human Genetics: Multifactorial Traits & Model Organisms

from Biology 101: Intro to Biology

Chapter 18 / Lesson 9
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