What are quarks?
An atom is the smallest building block of matter. It is the smallest bit of a chemical element that can be identified. Atoms of chemical elements can be combined to form chemical compounds and mixtures.
Protons and Neutrons:
- With the exception of Hydrogen, the nuclei of all atoms contain protons and neutrons. The neutrons in the nucleus serve to keep the positive protons from being pushed apart.
- Protons and neutrons have roughly the same mass, an atomic mass of one, meaning the atomic mass of an element is determined by the number of protons and neutrons in its nucleus.
- The type of atom, or element, is determined by the number of protons in the nucleus.
Answer and Explanation: 1
Quarks are one type of sub-atomic particle. Quarks combine to form particles called hadrons. Two of the most well-known hadrons are protons and...
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fromChapter 2 / Lesson 10
Quarks are fundamental particles that are used by scientists to explain different types of phenomena. Learn more about them, subsequently testing your knowledge with a quiz.