What are the important features of the 10 biomes/ecosystems?

Question:

What are the important features of the 10 biomes/ecosystems?

Define Biome:

A Biome can be described as a large area where plants and animals adapt, live and exist within that area. The type of animals or plants that live in a specific area is determined by the climate, soils, vegetation, temperature, geology and relief that affects that specific biome. A biome is often confused with the term 'Ecosystem,' but an ecosystem is different as it represents the interaction of animals and plants in a particular environment where a biome is specific to geographical areas. Therefore, there are several ecosystems that may exist within a biome.

Answer and Explanation:

There are ten major Biomes, they include:

1. The Abyssal Zone- One important feature of this Biome is that it extends from approximately 13,000 feet below sea level, therefore, due to its climate, temperature and pressure levels, there are not many creatures that can survive there. Life here is supported by geothermal power and organisms survive through the process of chemosynthesis (Where food is made by bacteria based on inorganic chemical reactions) as there is no sun available.

2. Aquatic Biome- A feature of an aquatic biome is that it is arguably one of the most diverse biomes that exist. This biome encompasses at least 75% of the Earth's surface. This is arguably one of the most important biomes that may exist.

3. Temperate Forest- In this biome, the winter seasons can be extremely cold as temperatures sometimes fall below zeros, whereas, during the summertime, temperatures can be as high as 32 degrees Celsius. Another feature of this biome is that snow may not fall for as long as six months and the period of growth can last up to 200 days.

4. Boreal Forest- This biome, otherwise known as the Taiga biome is very cold and is most suitable for moss to live in. Extending further north, the forest transforms into a tundra where evergreen conifers can be found. This biome experiences very low levels of rainfall and as a result, vegetation growth is usually stunted. Summers experienced by this biome are usually cold and short while winters can be quite cold and long.

5.Tundra- These biomes are quite rare in existence and usually occurs at higher latitudes, for example, Russia, Alaska etc. It can very cold as it is mainly made up of permafrost and it can be very dry and as such sometimes compared to the dry conditions that can be found in the desert. Cold temperatures usually fall below -34degrees Celsius and therefore is more suitable to organisms such as moss, hardy grasses, lichens among others.

6. Tropical Rain Forest-Climate here is usually steady and warm, while also experiencing a lot of rainfall. Also, due to the fact that this biome exists near the Equator, changes in seasons are hardly noticeable. This biome is also often confused with a forest, however, in a tropical rain forest, there are always high canopies, while in forests, these usually don't exist. One important feature is the high levels of oxygen which makes the air more breathable than other areas or even other biomes.

7. Grassland-This biome is known by many names depending on the country describing it. To North Americans, it is known as Prairies, to Australians, it is known as Bush, to South Africans, it is Veld, to Central Africans, it is a Savanna, to South Americans, it is called Pampas, to Russians, it is referred to as Steppes and to Hungarians it is called Pustza. Temperatures here can reach extreme levels.

8. Mediterranean Forest- Also known as the Chapparal biome, can be found in western areas other than in Mediterranean areas, this biome experiences dry, hot summers and cold and rainy winters. Vegetation found in this biome includes Yucca Plants, Monkey puzzle trees, wild cats and other similar plants. Based on the fact that this biome is located in coastal areas, plants are described as being salted.

9. Desert- In a desert, there is limited to no rain, these areas are usually also very dry where temperatures can start from 50 degrees Celcius and higher extremes to falling below zero in areas such as the Antartic deserts. Not only do such areas experience very low levels of rain, but also, the time period between each period of rain can be very long. For example, The Cochones desert found in Chile did not experience rainfall for 46 years!

10. Mangrove Forest- This type of biome can be very useful to an environment as they help to prevent erosion along shorelines, even a decaying mangrove is useful to the environment as they are resources for nutrients to the sea. Depending on the rigidity of the definition of the term 'mangrove, ' there are possible over 70 different species of mangroves that exist.


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What Is a Biome? - Definition & Types

from High School Biology: Homework Help Resource

Chapter 32 / Lesson 21
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