What calendar came before the Roman calendar?

Question:

What calendar came before the Roman calendar?

The Julian Calendar:

In terms of calendars, Rome's greatest achievement was the Julian calendar. It was an accurate solar calendar that tracked the seasons of the Earth. It's year was 365.25 days long whereas the solar year is 365.2422 days long.

Answer and Explanation:

The various peoples of the Italian peninsula used different lunar calendars before the establishment of Rome. Some of these lunar calendars were observational lunar calendars that functioned purely based off of people's observations of the phases of the Moon. The first Roman calendar was an observational lunar calendar. However, by 500 B.C.E., the Romans developed a lunisolar calendar that reconciled the lunar calendar with the solar year. By 45 B.C.E., the Romans had embraced a fully solar calendar.


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Origins of the Julian & Gregorian Calendars

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Chapter 22 / Lesson 15
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Find out who invented the calendar. Analyze the key differences between the Julian vs Gregorian Calendar systems and how these calendars influence modern calendars.


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