What did Thucydides write?
The Peloponnesian War:
The Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE) was a prolonged war between the Greek cities of Athens and Sparta, although the conflict drew in most of the other Greek city-states at one time or another. There had been tension between the two city-states for some time, but the peace broke down into warfare in 431 BCE. Since Athens was more powerful on the seas and Sparta was more powerful on the land, the war ground to a draw. In the end, Sparta did overcome Athens and the city surrendered in 404 BCE. However, the Spartans didn't destroy Athens and the city steadily rose to prominence again.
Answer and Explanation:
Thucydides (460-400 BCE) was an Athenian historian who lived through the Peloponnesian War. His major work was 'T'he History of the Peloponnesian War, written during the conflict. Many credit Thucydides for inventing the modern disciplines of history and political science with his analyses of events and use of evidence. Many parts of the book are still studied in courses on international relations, history, military policy, political science, and literature.
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fromChapter 3 / Lesson 4
This lecture covers the Peloponnesian War. First we enumerate the causes of the war. Then we examine Pericles' plan to win it. We see how Pericles' plan eventually fell apart and how the Athenians struggled without leadership until their eventual destruction at the hands of the Spartans.