What is affixation in the English language?

Question:

What is affixation in the English language?

Morphology

In the word ''morpheme,'' the root morph means ''to alter'' or ''to change.'' In linguistics, ''morphology'' refers to the study of the forms and meanings of words.

Answer and Explanation:

Affixation is the process of adding a morpheme to a word to change its meaning. When a morpheme is used in this way, it becomes known as an affix. A prefix is an affix that is added to the beginning of a root word; a suffix is an affix that is added to the end of a root word.

For example, consider the word ''type.'' It is a noun that that refers to a group or category. The suffix ical means ''relating to'' something. The word ''typical'' combines this root and suffix to become an adjective. It is used to describe something that relates to the norm for a group or category. The prefix a means ''not.'' Therefore, the adjective ''atypical'' refers to something that deviates from the norm or standard.

There are numerous affixes in the English language, including those that can be added to the middle of a word, although these are less common in English. The majority of English affixes are of Greek or Latin origin.


Learn more about this topic:

What is an Affix? - Definition & Examples

from College English Composition: Help and Review

Chapter 21 / Lesson 25
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