What is the difference between a group at risk for poor health and a group considered a "vulnerable" population?
Provide an example of a group at risk and a group considered a vulnerable population.
A population is a group of individuals with shared characteristics. A population can be defined on the basis of taxonomy, society, or biology.
Answer and Explanation:
A group at risk is a collection of individuals who share particular characteristics that make them prone to acquiring a condition. These characteristics only include risk factors for that condition, as opposed to being descriptive of the group as a whole. For example, smokers are at higher risks for several chronic diseases, especially lung cancer. The group "smokers" includes everyone who smokes, regardless of their age, gender, socioeconomic status, or health conditions.
A vulnerable population on the other hand share biological, demographic, and health risk factors that expose them to several similar morbidities. For example, Indigenous communities in Northern Canada face many challenges regarding healthcare and resource accessibility (such as clean water), intergenerational trauma, and effects of climate change. These communities share many characteristics beyond the scope of identifiable risk factors.
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from DSST Health & Human Development: Study Guide & Test PrepChapter 1 / Lesson 1