What is the ratio of carbon atoms to hydrogen atoms in the compound 2CH_2 rightleftharpoons...

Question:

What is the ratio of carbon atoms to hydrogen atoms in the compound 2CH2 --> C2H4?

A. 1:9.

B. 9:1.

C. 3:6.

D. 6:3.

Ratios

A ratio is used in mathematics, usually given in the format x:y, where x and y are numbers. It defines the relationship between two quantities. Reading a ratio we usually say we have y for every x.

Answer and Explanation:

This compound is called ethene and is shown below.

There are 2 carbon atoms and 4 hydrogen atoms. For every 1 carbon atom, there are 2 hydrogen atoms. This gives us a ratio of 1:2 carbon to hydrogen atoms.

Going through the multiple-choice answers we need to find a ratio which equals 1:2. Answers A and B are obviously incorrect.

Answer C (3:6) when simplifying the ratio gives 1:2. This is therefore the correct answer.

Answer D (6:3) when simplifying the ratio gives 2:1 which is not the ratio we are looking for. This would be the ratio for hydrogen atoms to carbon atoms.


Learn more about this topic:

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Ratios and Proportions: Definition and Examples

from Geometry: High School

Chapter 7 / Lesson 1
300K

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