What role did peasants play in the Chinese Communist Revolution?

Question:

What role did peasants play in the Chinese Communist Revolution?

The Chinese Communist Revolution:

The Chinese Communist Revolution, led by Mao Zedong, culminated in 1949. This was when the Nationalist Party retreated from China, and the Communist Party took over China's government, proclaiming the founding of the People's Republic of China.

Answer and Explanation:

The role that peasants played in the Chinese Communist Revolution was in supporting a government that they thought would best provide for their basic needs. Even as late as 1949, China's peasant population was largely illiterate, and their political consciousness was quite low. Their main concerns were being able to have good harvests and having enough to eat. Therefore, the peasants no longer supported China's Nationalist government when the economy collapsed at the end of World War II. The peasants then, on the whole, supported the Communist Party because they hoped their regime would serve them better.


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Revolution & Reform in China After WWII

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Chapter 19 / Lesson 12
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Following World War II, China's industrialization and Communist Party mandates led to substantial economic prosperity. Discover the impact of the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution, and improvements from Deng Xiaoping.


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