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What was the original name of the Wuthering Heights?

Question:

What was the original name of the Wuthering Heights?

Inspiration

Scholars have sought out possible inspiration sources for the manor of Wuthering Heights in Emily Bronte's native area of Yorkshire, England. One of these is a ruined farmhouse known as Top Withens, which is near the town of Haworth where the Brontes lived, and which served as a source for artists' illustrations for the novel. Another possibility is the now-demolished Gothic manor called High Sunderland Hall (close to Halifax) which was decorated with griffins and nude figures like the carving on the front of Wuthering Heights. Bronte may have been familiar with this house since she worked there briefly as a governess.

Answer and Explanation:

Wuthering Heights is the original name of the manor and estate of the Earnshaw family in Emily Bronte's novel Wuthering Heights. This information is given in the first chapter of the book when Mr. Lockwood, the new tenant of Thrushcross Grange, visits Heathcliff at Wuthering Heights. While admiring the house and the setting from outside, Lockwood explains that the word "wuthering" is a local descriptive word referring to the windy and stormy nature of the area in which it sits. Lockwood pauses at the threshold to observe an old carving in wood on the front of the house. Carved into the wood are "a wilderness of crumbling griffins and shameless little boys" along with the date 1500 and the name of the family patriarch who built the home, Hareton Earnshaw. Given the fact that the events of the story occur in the mid-to late-1700s, that the house must be at least 250 years old at the start of the story, and that there is no mention of the estate ever having another name, we can assume that Wuthering Heights is the original one.


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Wuthering Heights: Plot Overview and Character Analysis

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Chapter 6 / Lesson 5
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Emily Bronte wrote just one novel, Wuthering Heights, and it became a classic. Explore an overview of Bronte's plot and analyze her characters to understand why this renowned book remains in print over 150 years after Bronte wrote it.


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