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When a baby is born, why is it important that type II alveolar cells are functioning normally?

Question:

When a baby is born, why is it important that type II alveolar cells are functioning normally?

Type II Alveolar Cells:

There are many different cell types within the lungs. One type of cell known as type II alveolar cells have the important function of producing a substance called pulmonary surfactant which is a necessary component to proper respiration.

Answer and Explanation:

When a baby is born, it is important type II alveolar cells are functioning properly because they produce a substance known as pulmonary surfactant which keeps the alveoli open preventing them from collapse and thus allowing proper respiration to take place.


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