When acetic acid reacts with ammonia (NH3) the reaction yields?

Question:

When acetic acid reacts with ammonia (NH3) the reaction yields?

Answer and Explanation:

The neutralization reaction between acetic acid and ammonia yields salt water made up of ammonium acetate and water assuming stoichiometric equivalent quantities are reacted. We must remember that ammonia in a water solution exists as ammonium hydroxide ({eq}NH_4OH {/eq} as the ammonia reacts with water splitting off an atomic hydrogen and leaving hydroxide behind with a negative charge. This means the aqueous reaction of acetic acid and ammonia is actually:

{eq}CH_3COOH(aq)\:+\:NH_4OH(aq)\:\rightarrow \:NH_4OOCH_3(aq)\:+\:H_2O(l) {/eq}

In an ionic equation form, this looks like:

{eq}CH_3COO^-(aq)\:+\:H^+(aq)\:+\:NH_4^+(aq)|:+\:OH^-(aq)\:\rightarrow \:NH_4^+(aq)|:+\:CH_3OO^-(aq)\:+\:H_2O(l) {/eq}

This is salt water with the salt being ammonium acetate.


Learn more about this topic:

Neutralization and Acid-Base Reactions

from Chemistry 101: General Chemistry

Chapter 10 / Lesson 4
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