When did Thucydides write the History of the Peloponnesian War?
Thucydides (460 BCE - 400 BCE) was an ancient Greek military strategist and historian. As a historian, Thucydides pioneered a method of objective, evidence-based research and writing. As such, Thucydides is often considered to have set the modern-day standard of historical research. Further, Thucydides connected his historical investigation to human behavior, identifying not only what happened, but also why an event happened.
Answer and Explanation: 1
Thucydides is perhaps best known for writing the History of the Peloponnesian War, a lengthy text detailing the conflict between the Peloponnesians and the Delians, respectively commanded by the Spartans and the Athenians--Thucydides was directly involved in the conflict as an Athenian general.
Thucydides began writing this penultimate text at the outset of the conflict in 431 BCE and continued to add to it for the duration of the war: twenty-five years. Once this twenty-five year conflict had ended, the History of the Peloponnesian War was eight volumes in length.
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fromChapter 3 / Lesson 4
This lecture covers the Peloponnesian War. First we enumerate the causes of the war. Then we examine Pericles' plan to win it. We see how Pericles' plan eventually fell apart and how the Athenians struggled without leadership until their eventual destruction at the hands of the Spartans.