Which model organism discussed in the course materials is used to study genes related to cell...

Question:

Which model organism discussed in the course materials is used to study genes related to cell division?

A. Zebrafish

B. C. elegans

C. Arbidopsis

D. Yeast.

Model organisms:

The organisms that are used by the scientists for the better understanding of the biological processes that go on within the humans are referred to as model organisms.

Answer and Explanation:

A

Zebrafish are used as model organisms for developmental studies. They are usually used for genetic analysis. Hence, it is not the correct answer.


B

C. elegans, just like zebrafish, is also used for the study of the development. With the help of C. elegans, the development at the embryonic and the larval stage can be studied.


C

Arabidopsis cannot be used for the study of genes involved in the cell division of animals because it is a plant species. Hence, this option is also incorrect.


D

Yeast is a microorganism that can be used for the study of the genes that are associated with the process of cell division. The genes present in yeast are homologous to that of the genes present in humans. The study of the yeast cells has helped in better understanding of the stages of cell division.


Therefore, the correct answer is option D.


Learn more about this topic:

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Human Genetics: Multifactorial Traits & Model Organisms

from Biology 101: Intro to Biology

Chapter 18 / Lesson 9
20K

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