Who translated the Sumerian writing system?

Question:

Who translated the Sumerian writing system?

Ancient Sumerian

The language of the Sumerians was an isolated language that originated in Mesopotamia sometime around 3000 BCE before being replaced by Akkadian in 2000 BCE. Sumerian made use of cuneiform for its script and is considered to be one of the earliest known written languages in human history. Its later translation was due in part to its similarity to Akkadian.

Answer and Explanation:

The Sumerian writing system, composed in cuneiform script, was first deciphered in the 1850s by Henry Rawlinson and other scholars. The Behistun Inscription, first discovered in 1598, is a multilingual rock relief located in Iran originally created during the reign of Darius I (Darius the Great) of the Persian Empire. It was composed in three different cuneiform languages: Old Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian (a derivative of Akkadian). Much like the decipherment of the Rosetta Stone, it was through the comparison of the languages of the Behistun Inscription that enabled the translation of the Sumerian language (which is incredibly similar to Akkadian).


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Sumer's Protoliterate Period & the Origin of Writing

from World History: Credit Recovery

Chapter 5 / Lesson 3
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