Who was Hildegard of Bingen?
The Medieval Abbess:
Medieval abbesses were the head of a nunnery. These abbesses could wield considerable authority within their nunneries and could also contribute to surrounding communities. Most significantly, however, these abbesses and nuns could dedicate themselves to religious literature and music, pursuing intellectual interests they may not have been able to continue had they not joined the nunnery.
Answer and Explanation:
Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179) was a German abbess belonging to the Order of Saint Benedict. She is known as a composer of sacred monophony, a Christian mystic and visionary, and a pioneer in German scientific natural history. She wrote a number of religious and scientific texts, composed songs for her nuns to sing, penned morality plays and other manuscripts, and even invented a language she called Lingua ignota. She is recognized as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church.
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from Music 101: Intro to MusicChapter 1 / Lesson 3