Why did the Reconstruction Era bring about unprecedented levels of political terror and violence?
The North After the Civil War:
Following the end of the Civil War, the North faced some changes as well. In industry, the North continued its trend toward industrialization, as more and more farms disappeared in favor of industry. Since most northern states had abolished slavery before the war, the Northern governments did have to deal with a small but growing black population. While the Civil Rights Act of 1866 guaranteed political and economic equality rights on blacks (nationwide), Northern states also implemented programs of segregation, and as more blacks moved north, they found conditions no better than they were in the south (only the north lacked the serious amount of violence found in the south).
Answer and Explanation:
Fear of change, resistance, and a dogged determination to return to a previous condition led to terror and violence during the Reconstruction period...
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from Supplemental History: Study AidChapter 1 / Lesson 10