Why did the Six-Day War happen?


Why did the Six-Day War happen?

Suez Crisis:

In 1956, Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal prompting a regional crisis involving shipping lanes through the area. In response, Israel invaded Egypt along with Britain and France and they retook the Canal and secured the Straights of Tiran for Israeli shipping at the end of hostilities in the Sinai War.

Answer and Explanation:

The Six-Day War happened as a lingering geopolitical struggle in the Middle East caused tensions to build between Israel and the Arab States.

Egypt declared in 1967 that they would close the Straights of Tiran and Israel indicated that the closure would be grounds for war. Nasser assembled a coalition of Arab states and armies to invade Israel and Syrian, Jordanian, and Iraqi forces assembled at Israel's borders to launch a coordinated attack. On June 5th, 1967, Israel struck first and routed the assembled forces in six days of lopsided fighting. The conflict ended with a ceasefire and Israeli control of the West Bank, Golan, and the Sinai Peninsula.

Learn more about this topic:

The Six-Day War of 1967: Causes & Timeline

from History 107: World Conflicts Since 1900

Chapter 5 / Lesson 4

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