Why does the first nitration to form 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene proceed much faster than the second?
Nitration of toluene:
Nitration is a process by which a nitro group(--NO2) is introduced in an organic compound.2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene can be synthesized by nitration reaction of toluene (three times). The rate of nitration reaction depends on group attached with the benzene ring.
Answer and Explanation:
2,4,6-Trinitrotolulene is synthesise from toluene by nitration reaction as below.
Now the nitration reaction is an electrophilic aromatic...
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Learn more about this topic:
from AQA A-Level Chemistry: Practice and Study GuideChapter 16 / Lesson 4