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Why does the first nitration to form 2,4,6-Trinitrotolulene proceed much faster than the second?

Question:

Why does the first nitration to form 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene proceed much faster than the second?

Nitration of toluene:

Nitration is a process by which a nitro group(--NO2) is introduced in an organic compound.2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene can be synthesized by nitration reaction of toluene (three times). The rate of nitration reaction depends on group attached with the benzene ring.

Answer and Explanation:

2,4,6-Trinitrotolulene is synthesise from toluene by nitration reaction as below.

Now the nitration reaction is an electrophilic aromatic...

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