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Why were five extra days added to the Egyptian calendar?

Question:

Why were five extra days added to the Egyptian calendar?

The Egyptian Calendar:

The Egyptian civil calendar was a solar calendar. It had 360 days as part of its normal year. It also had 5 intercalary days that were outside the normal calendar. They were added to the calendar by officials and often used for rituals or holidays.

Answer and Explanation: 1

The Egyptian calendar, also known as the Egyptian civil calendar, was widely used in the region around Egypt between 2500 B.C.E. and 300 B.C.E. The Egyptian calendar was a solar calendar that developed out of a previous lunar calendar that was used before 3000 B.C.E. in Egypt. The calendar remained in use in Egypt until Alexander the Great conquered the region before 300 B.C.E. It was still used for hundreds of years later, but was eventually replaced by the Julian calendar after Egypt became part of the Roman Empire.


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Egyptian Achievements: Unification, Pyramids, Hieroglyphics & Calendar

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Chapter 3 / Lesson 7
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In this lesson, we will discuss some of the major achievements of ancient Egypt, including its unification by King Menes, the pyramids, hieroglyphics, and the Egyptian calendar.


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