- Course type: Self-paced
- Available Lessons: 182
- Average Lesson Length: 8 min
Eligible for Credit: Yes
Earn transferable credit by taking this course for credit.
Watch a preview:chapter 1 / lesson 1Cellular Adaptation: Increases in Number or Size
Course SummaryBiology 106: Pathophysiology has been evaluated and recommended for 3 semester hours and may be transferred to over 2,000 colleges and universities. Taught by expert instructors, this course offers engaging lessons and mini quizzes. You can take the course whenever it's convenient, and it can help you save time and money on your degree.
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Course Practice TestCheck your knowledge of this course with a 50-question practice test.
- Comprehensive test covering all topics
- Detailed video explanations for wrong answers
The course objective is to understand how diseases impact the human body, with a particular focus on the functions of the immune system.
Your grade for this course will be calculated out of 300 points. The minimum score required to pass and earn real college credit for this course is 210 points, or an overall course grade of 70%. The table below shows the assignments you must complete and how they'll be incorporated into the overall grade.
|Proctored Final Exam||200|
Quizzes are meant to test your comprehension of each lesson as you progress through the course. Here's a breakdown of how you will be graded on quizzes and how they'll factor into your final score:
- You will have 3 attempts to take each quiz for a score.
- The highest score of your first 3 attempts will be recorded as your score for each quiz.
- When you've completed the course, the highest scores from your first 3 attempts at each quiz will be averaged together and weighed against the total possible points for quizzes. For instance, if your average quiz score is 85%, you'll receive 85 out of 100 possible points for quizzes.
- After your initial 3 attempts, you can take a quiz for practice as many times as you'd like.
- You will need to pass each quiz with a score of at least 80% to earn course progress for the lesson. However, it is not necessary to earn 80% within the first three quiz attempts.
Proctored Final Exam
The proctored final exam is a cumulative test designed to ensure that you've mastered the material in the course.
- You'll earn points equivalent to the percentage grade you receive on your proctored final. (So if you earn 90% on the final, that's 180 points toward your final grade.)
- If you're unsatisfied with your score on the exam, you'll be eligible to retake the exam after a 3-day waiting period.
- You can only retake the exam twice, so be sure to use your study guide and fully prepare yourself before you take the exam again.
Items Allowed on Study.com Proctored Exam for Biology 106:
- A non-graphing, scientific calculator
- One sheet of blank scratch paper
- Pen or pencil
Items NOT Allowed on Study.com Proctored Exam for Biology 106:
- Graphing calculators
- Office programs, web browsers, or any programs other than Software Secure (including Study.com lessons)
- Textbooks (digital or physical)
- Mobile phones, headphones, speakers, TVs, radios
- Notebooks or notes
Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:
- Explain cellular injury, cellular adaptation, neoplasia, the types of growth it can cause, what causes cancer and causes of a decrease in number and size of cells
- Categorize the causes of inflammation, autoimmune responses, acute and chronic inflammation, and inflammation's impact on the entire body
- Discuss the structure and function of human skin, physical causes of skin inflammation and inflammatory disorders
- Paraphrase the nervous system's functions, diseases that affect the nervous system and pain types
- Compare and contrast the various types and causes of cardiovascular and blood disorders, conditions, and diseases
- Explain how carbon dioxide is transported in the blood, diseases and conditions of the lungs, and how the lungs affect the heart
- Summarize the structure of the kidney, diseases and conditions that affect the kidney, and the roles that sodium, chloride and potassium play in human bodies
- Examine the diseases and conditions that affect the stomach, small intestine, gall bladder and pancreas
- Identify the disorders and diseases of bone tissues and joints, including myopathy, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, and of the human reproductive system
- Appraise the normal range of values for electrolytes and glucose in the blood and urine, and understand the importance of various clinical tests
There are no prerequisites for this course, but many students choose to complete Biology 101: Intro to Biology prior to Pathophysiology.
Biology 106 consists of short video lessons that are organized into topical chapters. Each video is approximately 5-10 minutes in length and comes with a quick quiz to help you measure your learning. The course is completely self-paced. Watch lessons on your schedule whenever and wherever you want.
At the end of each chapter, you can complete a chapter test to see if you're ready to move on or have some material to review. Once you've completed the entire course, take the practice test and use the study tools in the course to prepare for the proctored final exam. You may take the proctored final exam whenever you are ready.
How Credit Recommendations Work
This course has been evaluated and recommended by ACE for 3 semester hours in the lower division baccalaureate degree category. NCCRS has also evaluated and recommended the course for 3 semester hours in the associate/certificate category. To apply for transfer credit, follow these steps:
- If you already have a school in mind, check with the registrar to see if the school will grant credit for courses recommended by either ACE or NCCRS.
- Complete Biology 106 by watching video lessons and taking short quizzes.
- Take the Biology 106 final exam directly on the Study.com site.
- Request a transcript to be sent to the accredited school of your choice!
- Check out this page for more information on Study.com's credit-recommended courses.
|Pathophysiology Components||Learn about cellular adaptation and causes of cellular injury. Study cell and tissue swelling, irreversible cellular injuries, ways a cell recognizes damage, and the downsides to intracellular accumulations.|
|Inflammation Causes & Treatment||Define inflammation and identify the symptoms and causes. Compare acute and chronic inflammation. Describe the effects of the inflammatory responses on the human body. Address issues of hypersensitivity and autoimmune diseases, and go over treatment options for inflammation.|
|Pathophysiology of Cancer & Neoplasia||Study neoplasia and the types of growth it can cause. Learn about genetic risk factors for cancer. Identify the difference between benign and malignant growths before examining cancer's progression. Study tumor markers and cancer treatment strategies.|
|Skin Disorders & Pathophysiology||Study how skin provides an important method of defense, physical causes of skin inflammation and inflammatory disorders. Learn about skin allergies, lupus and methods for protecting against skin cancer.|
|Nervous System Injury & Trauma||Learn about pain types and treatments. Examine spinal cord trauma, vascular abnormalities of the nervous system and head injuries, such as epidural hematomas.|
|Major Nervous System Disorders||Study the causes and treatments for disorders like polio and epilepsy. Examine the different types of tumors found in the nervous system.|
|Congenital Heart & Cardiovascular Defects||Learn how electrocardiograms are used to diagnose heart conditions, including arrhythmia and septal defects. Define and identify the causes of patent ductus arteriosus and tetralogy of fallot.|
|Developed Cardiovascular Abnormalities||Examine heart conditions ranging from valvular dysfunctions and dilated cardiomyopathy to pericardial effusion and peripheral venous disease. Analyze the results of heart failure on different sides of the heart. Study the risk factors associated with atherosclerosis, arteriosclerosis, blood pressure, and other heart conditions.|
|Respiratory System Pathologies||Go over the causes and symptoms of pneumothorax, atelectasis, restrictive lung disease, and lung cancer. Identify the differences between fungal, viral, and bacterial pneumonia. Explore the causes of such diseases as respiratory acidosis and alkalosis, COPD and tuberculosis. Learn about the relationship between the heart and lungs.|
|Urinary System Diseases||Learn about metabolic alkalosis and acidosis as well as acute and chronic renal failure. Identify the causes of nephrotic and nephritic syndrome, kidney stones, renal cancer and other urinary system diseases.|
|Gastrointestinal System Conditions||Study the causes of general motility disorders, malabsorption, peptic ulcers and inflammatory bowels, among other diseases affecting this system.|
|Diabetes & Metabolic Derangements||Learn about risk factors for diabetes and the complications associated with this disease. Examine the signs and symptoms of pheochromocytomas.|
|Anemia Causes, Types & Classification||Learn about the various types of anemia and how each type is classified.|
|Hematological Conditions & Pathologies||Learn about blood coagulation and wound healing. Examine diseases like polycythemia, thrombocytopenia, and hemophilia. Study severe combined immunodeficiency and acquired immune deficiencies.|
|Musculoskeletal System Disorders & Diseases||Learn about the causes of myopathy and rheumatoid arthritis. Study causes of osteoporosis, osteomalacia, rickets and other maladies affecting the musculoskeletal system.|
|Disorders of the Reproductive System||Study such diseases as endometriosis, ovarian cysts and cancer, along with breast cancer causes and treatments. Learn about causes of infertility and available options. Examine menstrual disorders, including dysmenorrhea and amenorrhea.|
|Clinical Blood Tests||Examine electrolyte and oxygen levels in blood. Evaluate amylase and pancreatic lipase levels and examine white blood cell, platelet and coagulation tests.|
|Kidney Structure||Study the structure of the kidneys and nephron. Discover renal tubule functions and trace the steps in the RAAS pathway. Point out the anatomy of the urinary system.|
|Clinical Tests of the Urinary System||Study the normal range of values for electrolytes and glucose in urine.|
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What to Expect For the Exam
This Study.com course has been evaluated and recommended for college credit. Once you've completed this course, you can take the proctored final exam and potentially earn credit. Follow the steps below to take the exam.
Before taking the exam, all of the following requirements must be met:
|A College Accelerator Study.com membership.|
|Completed all lessons in Biology 106: Pathophysiology course and achieved 100% Quiz Progress.|
|Not attempted to take this exam within the last three days.|
|Have available proctored exams in this month of membership.|
|Have not taken this exam three times. (0/3)|
|Complete the exam readiness quiz.|
Please meet all of the pre-requirements in the Pre-Exam Checklist in order to take the exam.
Exam Process Details
1. Register For Exam
Registering for the exam is simple. First, be sure you meet the system requirements. Next, you'll need to agree to the academic integrity policy. Then just confirm your name and the exam name, and you're ready to go!
2. Download Software Secure
You'll receive an unique access code. Please write this down — you'll need it to take the exam. Then download Software Secure and follow the installation instructions.
3. Take Exam
The exam contains 50 - 100 multiple choice questions. You will have two hours to complete the exam, so don't start until you're sure you can complete the entire thing. And remember to pace yourself!
4. Get Exam Results
We will send you an email with your official exam results within 1 to 2 weeks. If you would like to raise your grade after receiving your exam results, you can retake quizzes with fewer than 3 attempts. You will then need to retake the final exam.
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