Thermodynamics Study Guide

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Study.com's Thermodynamics Study Guide course is designed to help you quickly review and remember essential thermodynamics concepts. This mobile-friendly resource is available at any time and can help you study for exams, bring up your grades, finish homework assignments and more.
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6 chapters in Thermodynamics Study Guide

Course Practice Test

Check your knowledge of this course with a 50-question practice test.
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  • Detailed video explanations for wrong answers
Week {{::cp.getGoalWeekForTopic(0, 6)}}
Ch 1. Laws of Thermodynamics Study Guide {{cp.topicAssetIdToProgress[36885].percentComplete}}% complete
Course Progress Best Score
Lesson 1 - First Law of Thermodynamics: Law of Conservation of Energy Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2544].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2544].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2544].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2544].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 2 - Standard Units of Measurement for Length, Weight, Time & Capacity Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[18592].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[18592].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[18592].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[18592].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 3 - What is Temperature? - Definition & Measurement Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[4516].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[4516].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[4516].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[4516].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 4 - Second Law of Thermodynamics: Entropy and Systems Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2546].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2546].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2546].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2546].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 5 - Temperature Units: Converting Between Kelvins and Celsius Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2480].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2480].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2480].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2480].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Week {{::cp.getGoalWeekForTopic(1, 6)}}
Ch 2. Energy and Heat Study Guide {{cp.topicAssetIdToProgress[36886].percentComplete}}% complete
Course Progress Best Score
Lesson 1 - What is Energy? - Definition and Significance in Nature Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2537].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2537].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2537].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2537].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 2 - Kinetic Energy to Potential Energy: Relationship in Different Energy Types Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2545].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2545].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2545].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2545].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 3 - What is Mechanical Energy? - Definition & Examples Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2538].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2538].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2538].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2538].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 4 - What is Thermal Energy? - Definition & Examples Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2539].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2539].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2539].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2539].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 5 - What is Radiant Energy? - Definition & Examples Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2540].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2540].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2540].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2540].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 6 - What is Chemical Energy? - Definition & Examples Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2541].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2541].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2541].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2541].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 7 - What is Electrical Energy? - Definition & Examples Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2542].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2542].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2542].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2542].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 8 - What is Nuclear Energy? - Definition & Examples Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2543].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2543].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2543].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2543].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 9 - How to Calculate Specific Heat Capacity for Different Substances Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2548].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2548].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2548].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2548].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 10 - Changes in Heat and Energy Diagrams Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2549].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2549].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2549].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2549].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 11 - Energy and Life: The Transformation of Energy in Living Organisms Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2550].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2550].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2550].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[2550].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 12 - The Kinetic Theory of Matter: Definition & The Four States of Matter Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19240].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19240].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19240].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19240].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 13 - What is Electric Energy? - Definition, Sources & Examples Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19241].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19241].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19241].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19241].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 14 - What is Physics? - Definition, History & Branches Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19239].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19239].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19239].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19239].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 15 - What is Steam Energy? - Definition & Examples Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19242].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19242].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19242].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[19242].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Week {{::cp.getGoalWeekForTopic(2, 6)}}
Ch 3. Work in Thermodynamics Study Guide {{cp.topicAssetIdToProgress[36887].percentComplete}}% complete
Course Progress Best Score
Lesson 1 - Pulleys: Basic Mechanics Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14607].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14607].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14607].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14607].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 2 - Work: Definition, Characteristics, and Examples Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14609].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14609].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14609].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14609].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 3 - Work Done by a Variable Force Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14610].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14610].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14610].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14610].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 4 - Work-Energy Theorem: Definition and Application Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14611].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14611].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14611].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14611].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 5 - Conservation of Mechanical Energy Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14612].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14612].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14612].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14612].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 6 - Power: Definition and Mathematics Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14613].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14613].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14613].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14613].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Week {{::cp.getGoalWeekForTopic(3, 6)}}
Ch 4. Thermodynamics Processes Study Guide {{cp.topicAssetIdToProgress[36888].percentComplete}}% complete
Course Progress Best Score
Lesson 1 - State Functions in Thermochemistry Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1708].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1708].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1708].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1708].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 2 - Enthalpy: Energy Transfer in Physical and Chemical Processes Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1709].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1709].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1709].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1709].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 3 - Using Hess's Law to Calculate the Change in Enthalpy of a Reaction Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1710].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1710].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1710].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1710].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 4 - Calorimetry: Measuring Heat Transfer and Heat Capacity Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1711].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1711].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1711].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1711].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 5 - Predicting the Entropy of Physical and Chemical Changes Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1712].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1712].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1712].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1712].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 6 - Free Energy: Predicting the Spontaneity of a Reaction Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1713].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1713].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1713].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1713].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 7 - The Relationship Between Enthalpy (H), Free Energy (G) and Entropy (S) Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1714].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1714].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1714].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1714].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 8 - Electrochemistry: Free Energy and Cell Potential Energy Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1715].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1715].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1715].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1715].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Week {{::cp.getGoalWeekForTopic(4, 6)}}
Ch 5. Liquids and Solids Study Guide {{cp.topicAssetIdToProgress[36889].percentComplete}}% complete
Course Progress Best Score
Lesson 1 - The Kinetic Molecular Theory: Properties of Solids and Liquids Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1645].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1645].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1645].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1645].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 2 - Phase Diagrams: Critical Point, Triple Point and Phase Equilibrium Boundaries Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1646].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1646].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1646].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1646].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 3 - Phase Changes and Heating Curves Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1647].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1647].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1647].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1647].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 4 - Crystal Structures and the Unit Cell Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1648].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1648].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1648].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1648].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Week {{::cp.getGoalWeekForTopic(5, 6)}}
Ch 6. Gases & Gas Laws Study Guide {{cp.topicAssetIdToProgress[36890].percentComplete}}% complete
Course Progress Best Score
Lesson 1 - Pressure: Definition, Units, and Conversions Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1651].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1651].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1651].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1651].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 2 - How to Find the Density of a Gas Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45169].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45169].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45169].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[45169].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 3 - Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures: Calculating Partial & Total Pressures Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1652].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1652].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1652].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1652].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 4 - The Boltzmann Distribution: Temperature and Kinetic Energy of Gases Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1653].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1653].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1653].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1653].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 5 - Diffusion and Effusion: Graham's Law Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1654].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1654].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1654].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1654].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 6 - Molar Volume: Using Avogadro's Law to Calculate the Quantity or Volume of a Gas Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1655].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1655].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1655].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1655].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 7 - Boyle's Law: Gas Pressure and Volume Relationship Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3208].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3208].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3208].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3208].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 8 - Charles' Law: Gas Volume and Temperature Relationship Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3599].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3599].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3599].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3599].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 9 - Gay-Lussac's Law: Gas Pressure and Temperature Relationship Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3598].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3598].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3598].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[3598].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 10 - The Ideal Gas Law and the Gas Constant Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1656].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1656].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1656].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1656].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 11 - Using the Ideal Gas Law: Calculate Pressure, Volume, Temperature, or Quantity of a Gas Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1657].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1657].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1657].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1657].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 12 - Real Gases: Deviation From the Ideal Gas Laws Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1658].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1658].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1658].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[1658].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Lesson 13 - Real Gases: Using the Van der Waals Equation Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14375].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14375].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional
Score: {{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14375].bestScoreCorrect}}/{{cp.lessonAssetIdToProgress[14375].bestScoreQuestions}}  Take Quiz Optional

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Practice Tests in this course
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