- Course type: Self-paced
- Available Lessons: 127
- Average Lesson Length: 8 min
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Watch a preview:chapter 1 / lesson 1Weather vs. Climate: Definition, Differences & Effects
Course SummaryReview the engaging lessons and quizzes in this Earth Science 102: Weather and Climate course to improve your weather and climate knowledge. Taught by expert instructors, this self-paced course can supplement your Earth science textbooks, help you complete homework assignments and prepare you for upcoming exams.
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Course Practice TestCheck your knowledge of this course with a 50-question practice test.
- Comprehensive test covering all topics
- Detailed video explanations for wrong answers
About This Course
Explore current topics in weather and climate, including climate change, through this course. Our series of video lessons and accompanying self-assessment quizzes can help you boost your knowledge of temperature, atmospheric pressure, clouds and more. Designed by experienced educators, this course examines differences between weather and climate and delves into more advanced topics, such as atmospheric circulation and oceanographic upwelling.
|Introduction to Weather and Climate||Learn about differences between weather and climate. Explore the major components and structure of the atmosphere.|
|Climate||Examine the global distribution of various climates, and learn to differentiate between maritime and continental climates. Explore factors involved in climate change, as well as natural factors that determine a region's climate. Learn about global warming, the importance of the ozone layer and climate change. Find out how to identify past climates, and discuss the general circulation model and its use in projecting future climate change.|
|Solar Radiation||Learn about solar and thermal energy and solar radiation, and explore the relationship between kinetic and potential energy. Study electromagnetic waves and the major regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, and examine laws of radiation, the concept of blackbody and the solar constant. Find out how the rotation of Earth affects the seasons and climates, and learn about mechanisms of heat transfer and the greenhouse effect.|
|Temperature||Find out about factors that influence Earth's temperature, and learn about daily and annual temperature patterns and temperature units. Learn to measure and convert units of temperature and to calculate means and ranges of Earth's temperature. Learn to use thermodynamic diagrams and vertical temperature profiles.|
|Atmospheric Pressure and Wind||Study weather variables and air and atmospheric pressure, and learn about the general circulation of the atmosphere. Explore the ideal gas law and the gas constant, and learn about factors that affect wind, as well as various types of wind. Learn to measure wind using anemometers and wind vanes.|
|Atmospheric Moisture||Learn about the steps of the water cycle and ways to describe measures of water vapor content. Study humidity, the saturation process, and the first and second laws of thermodynamics. Contrast adiabatic and diabatic processes, and explore types of condensation. Learn about atmospheric lapse rates, formation and dissipation of cloud droplets, and the effect of atmospheric moisture on climate variability.|
|Clouds||Explore cloud formation, and learn about various cloud types. Study air lift, inversions, static stability and the environmental lapse rate, and atmospheric instability and limitations on lifting of unstable air. Also, learn about types of cloud coverage and their effect on climate.|
|Precipitation||Study the various causes of precipitation, and learn to describe the precipitation process. Find out about the relationship among global precipitation distribution, global winds and pressure patterns. Learn to measure rain and snow, and explore runoff and infiltration, as well as cloud seeding and the consequences of cloud seeding experiments.|
|Air Distribution and Movement||Learn about atmospheric circulation and its relation to scale and observation. Study the single-cell and three-cell models of general circulation, and explore weather fronts, global wind patterns and jet streams. Find out how Rossby waves influence cyclonic activity, and learn about monsoons, El Nino and La Nina. Examine types of air masses and their effect on weather, and learn to identify and describe types of weather fronts.|
|Oceans and Air Movement||Explore the distribution of water on Earth and the relationship between oceanic and general atmospheric circulation. Learn about active and passive continental margins, ocean basins and the oceanic ridge system. Examine properties of ocean water and types of marine organisms, and find out about ocean circulation, characteristics of shorelines and beaches, and types of waves. Learn about oceanographic upwelling and factors that contribute to longshore transport.|
|Weather Disturbances||Learn about the polar front theory of cyclogenesis, and discover characteristics of air mass, multicell and supercell thunderstorms. Study cyclones, anticyclones, tornadoes and hurricanes. Find out about the process of forecasting hurricanes and creating advisories.|
|Weather Forecasting and Analysis||Explore various procedures and products for forecasting weather. Learn how forecasts are assessed and verified, and find out about types of weather maps and images.|
|Human Effects on the Weather and Climate||Examine sources and types of air pollution, and find out how developed and developing nations differ in their methods for controlling air pollution. Learn about the importance of the ozone layer, and explore basic principles of Urban Heat Island effects.|
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