CLEP Human Growth and Development: Study Guide & Test Prep Final Exam

Exam Instructions:

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

Page 1

Question 1 1. When a person's mood changes drastically from excitement to extreme sadness and they are identified with a mood disorder, it is known as:

Question 2 2. Sidney has ADHD and typically struggles most during math at the end of the school day. She is usually unable to sit still and fidgets the entire class. This is due to:

Question 3 3. The theory of multiple intelligences includes intrapersonal, musical, linguistic, and visual, among others. This theory was created by:

Question 4 4. In order to gain data, a researcher creates questions and receives responses from a large population. This information will help her with a theory she is studying. This is known as a:

Question 5 5. When an individual is able to focus his or her attention on only the most important information at that particular moment, this is known as:

Page 2

Question 6 6. Mya is a seventh grade student. Her birthday has just passed and she is now twelve years old. She gets good scores on her tests and enjoys critical thinking, STEM projects, and especially likes and excels with mathematical problem-solving opportunities. Mya is most likely in which of the following cognitive stages?

Question 7 7. This early childhood theorist believed that children learn from their social environments and that language and learning both precede the development of cognition.

Question 8 8. This test is administered to children as young as three months old, and as old as two and a half years of age. The child is given certain objects, and he or she is assessed on what the reaction to the objects is. This is known as the:

Question 9 9. The most critical type of relationship is the one that exists between a parent and a child. This is according to the:

Question 10 10. Ben believes he can be successful at snowboarding, even though he has tried numerous times to go down a snowy hill alongside his friends. He falls and gets back up to try again over and over. Finally, he succeeds. This is known as self-efficacy and was coined by:

Page 3

Question 11 11. This theorist believed that people grow and become more involved with one another, and this helps them find their own identity.

Question 12 12. Preschool learners in Mrs. Miller's class are encouraged to make choices during free play. They have options of using the art station, visiting the reading area, participating in a puppet show, or building with oversized blocks. According to Erik Erikson, this is important to their development and falls in this stage:

Question 13 13. According to Freud, children around the age of five begin to understand right from wrong. This part of the mind is known as the:

Question 14 14. Jaydon is eight months old. He is healthy and a good eater. As his parents introduce foods to him, he usually reacts to their taste happily. This is a change from a few months earlier when he seemed unsure about and sometimes would not eat them. He is most likely showing:

Question 15 15. According to this theorist, there are seven stages of adult development. Three of these stages include: Age 30 Transition, Settling Down, and Entering Early Adulthood.

Page 4

Question 16 16. Perceptual grouping is best defined as _____.

Question 17 17. A decrease in response to a stimulus after repeated exposure to the same stimulus is called _____.

Question 18 18. According to the Brand hypothesis, how does intelligence change with age?

Question 19 19. Which of the following is true about fluid and crystallized intelligence as people age?

Question 20 20. Which of the following occurs during the preoperational stage of development?

Page 5

Question 21 21. What is reversibility?

Question 22 22. If a woman has very similar personality traits as her mom, the amount of variation in _____ is high.

Question 23 23. Why are Y-linked traits only inherited by males?

Question 24 24. At what age would a child be able to coo?

Question 25 25. Which of the following would not support a child's language development?

Page 6

Question 26 26. How are infants similar to adults when grieving the loss of a loved one?

Question 27 27. The idea that aging is genetically programmed to occur with time, and that this process of deterioration eventually leads to death is known as the _____.

Question 28 28. Which of the following is NOT frequently seen in children on the autism spectrum?

Question 29 29. Which of the following statements is true of abnormal human development?

Question 30 30. Which situation is MOST likely to occur during the basic gender identity phase of a three-year-old boy?

Page 7

Question 31 31. A child's self-esteem is affected by all of the following factors, EXCEPT:

Question 32 32. All of the following statements are true about the ego EXCEPT:

Question 33 33. According to psychologist Sigmund Freud, how many levels make up the consciousness?

Question 34 34. The perinatal environment refers to the medical and _____ environment surrounding the birth of a child.

Question 35 35. Why is the mother's nutrition during the prenatal period important?

Page 8

Question 36 36. Dr. Nelson wants to examine the differences in how children play together as they mature. To collect his data, he will observe play behavior in four different groups of children based on age: early preschool, late preschool, kindergarten, and first grade. What type of study is Dr. Nelson conducting?

Question 37 37. Dr. Taylor is conducting a study that examines the influence of the number of cognitive tasks completed in a week on memory among college students. For this study, the independent variable is _____ and the dependent variable is _____.

Question 38 38. The five categories of sensitive periods are:

Question 39 39. What is the difference between reflective and experiential intelligence?

Question 40 40. While watching a video, Maria fails to hear her parents talking to her. This is an example of _____.

Page 9

Question 41 41. Why are identical twins of interest to behavioral geneticists?

Question 42 42. Which of the following statements is a critique of the nativist theory of language development?

Question 43 43. Maria is less satisfied with her marriage lately. She feels stressed and tired all of the time. More than likely, which major life transition has Maria recently entered?

Question 44 44. When can a recurrent behavior be considered compulsive?

Question 45 45. Josh is 3.5 years old. He realizes that he is a male, but he plays with dolls and other 'girl toys' once in a while. Josh is at which stage of Kohlberg's cognitive developmental theory?

Page 10

Question 46 46. Which of the following does gender schema theory imply?

Question 47 47. Children at which stage of development are MOST likely to go through the Apgar test?

Question 48 48. What is the difference between categorical and continuous measurements?

Question 49 49. What can an infant most likely do during his first week of life?

Question 50 50. What are the three components of the triarchic theory of intelligence?

CLEP Human Growth and Development: Study Guide & Test Prep Final Exam Instructions

Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to them later with the yellow "Go To First Skipped Question" button. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. Click it to see your results. Good luck!

CLEP Human Growth and Development: Study Guide & Test Prep  /  Psychology Courses