GACE Biology (526): Practice & Study Guide Final Exam

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Question 1 1. The type of reversible inhibition caused by a non-substrate bonding with an enzyme's active site and blocking substrate binding is referred to as _____.

Question 2 2. In the study of genetics, the cross between two individuals who are heterozygous at two different loci, which produces a 9:3:3:1 ratio among the four different phenotypes, is called a _____.

Question 3 3. During the _____ of mitosis, all of the chromosomes are aligned on a plate, maximally condensed, held in place by equal tension exerted by the kinetochore microtubules, so that they do not move toward their respective spindle poles.

Question 4 4. The _____ theory states that mitochondria and plastids in eukaryotic cells were once independent prokaryotic cells, but evolved over time.

Question 5 5. During DNS replication, one parent strand is the leading strand, which is replicated over and over. The other is the lagging strand, replicated by short _____ fragments. Each fragment requires an RNA primer built first upon the parent DNA strand. These fragments are joined by DNA ligase.

Question 6 6. The process which allows cells to convert food into usable chemical energy is called _____.

Question 7 7. Small eukaryotic organisms that are generally broken up into three groups (plant-like, animal-like, and fungi-like) are called _____.

Question 8 8. A polar bond is a _____ bond in which electrons are unequally shared.

Question 9 9. The _____ system controls functions in the body through chemical messengers called hormones, which are are released by glands, which themselves are groups of cells.

Question 10 10. _____ posits that some infectious diseases are caused by tiny microorganisms which invade host organisms.

Question 11 11. _____ is the process used to change the genetic makeup of a cell by introducing DNA from the surrounding environment. This process is one of the most common used in classrooms and labs across the Earth.

Question 12 12. The primary carbohydrate that helps hold our genetic materials together is known as _____. This sugar does NOT lack an oxygen or hydroxyl group on one of its carbons.

Question 13 13. _____ cells are encapsulated by a plasma membrane that is surprisingly thin and regulates the cell's internal environment by means of molecular transport.

Question 14 14. A group of species which consists of one ancestor and all its descendants, and can be either monophyletic, paraphyletic, or polyphyletic is referred to as a _____.

Question 15 15. The gland that monitors and evaluates the body's environment, releases hormones to control other glands, and coordinates all other glands in order to keep the body functioning is called the _____.

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GACE Biology (526): Practice & Study Guide Final Free Practice Test Instructions

Choose your answer to the question and click 'Continue' to see how you did. Then click 'Next Question' to answer the next question. When you have completed the free practice test, click 'View Results' to see your results. Good luck!

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